He served as the Chair of the National Academies of Sciences / Institute of Medicine Panel Measuring Medical Care Risk In Conjunction With The New Supplemental Income Poverty Measure and is currently a member of the National Academy of Sciences Policy Roundtable of the Behavioral and Social Sciences. He also provides strategic consulting and analysis for a range of organizations. This includes the development of new modeling and methods for improving the federal budget process by introducing the latest disease-based epidemiological modeling into budget estimates for interventions addressing chronic illness, particularly diabetes and obesity.

Dr. O’Grady has more than 24 years’ experience working in key policy positions within Congress and the Administration. He served two years as Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. As Assistant Secretary, he was the principal policy advisor to the Secretary of Health and Human Services on policy development in health, disability, aging, human services, and science and data; provided advice and analysis on economic policy, and oversaw a staff of approximately 115 researchers and analysts. Prior to his Senate confirmation as ASPE, he worked 19 years in Congress as Senior Health Advisor for the Senate Finance Committee and Senior Health Economist at the Joint Economic Committee. His work focused primarily on Medicare reform, the uninsured, prescription drug proposals, and other national health issues. He previously served on the staff of three congressional commissions: the Bipartisan Commission on the Future of Medicare; the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC), and the Physician Payment Review Commission (PPRC). He also worked at the nonpartisan Congressional Research Service (CRS) of the Library of Congress. He holds a doctorate in Political Science from the University of Rochester.